Sir Herbert Baker (9 June 1862 – 4 February 1946) was an English architect remembered as the dominant force in South African architecture for two decades, and a major designer of some of New Delhi's most notable government structures. He was born and died at Owletts in Cobham, Kent.
Among the many churches, schools and houses he designed in South Africa are the Union Buildings in Pretoria, St. Andrew's College, Grahamstown, St. John's College, Johannesburg, the Wynberg Boys' High School, Groote Schuur in Cape Town, and the Champagne Homestead and Rhodes Cottage on Boschendal, between Franschhoek and Stellenbosch. With Edwin Lutyens he was instrumental in designing, among other buildings, the Rashtrapati Bhavan, Parliament and North and South Blocks of the Secretariat, all in New Delhi, which in 1931 became the capital of the British Raj and later of the Republic of India. He also designed the administration building at the then Prince of Wales School in Nairobi, Kenya now known as Nairobi School. His tomb is in Westminster Abbey.
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