The Battle of China

Synopsis: In this installment of the "Why We Fight" propaganda series, we learn about the country of China and its people. With a brief history of the country, we also learn of why the Japanese wanted to conquer it and felt confident about succeeding. Finally, the history of the war in that theatre is illustrated and shows the stiff determination of the Chinese who use all their resources to oppose Japanese aggression to the end.
Production: US Army
  1 win.
65 min

1664, Ming Dynasty was overthrowned

On May 2nd the same year

The Manchurian captured Beijing

Norhtern China was occupied by Qing Dynasty

On October first

Emperor Shunzi was crowned at Forbidden City

He ordered all Chinese to shave their scalps

to show their loyalty to the Qing Emperor

The Qings continued to invade the Southern Ming

Do the next one!

Our skin and hair are gifts from our parents!

Shaving one's head shows disrespect to ancestors!

I refuse to shave it!

You can't shave my head!

They don't come in peace


You can only pass with a shaved head

Either head or hair goes!



Don't you see the army?

Who are you?

I am Lin Kun

the Ming's Vice-Commander of Fujian Province

I am Li Wei, Military Governor

Li Wei, don't kill him

My father is...

The Commanding General

of the Ming Dynasty's Fujian Province

Don't forget...

We will never allow our heads shaved!

My son

I'm glad to see you've finally come back

I know the road was difficult


On the road from Nanjing, Li Wai, Lin Kun and

I saw the Qing Army

beheading all wearing the Ming uniform

And the roads were flooded

with the troops of the Qing

They will attack Fujian within the next few days

Mountains surround Fujian...

Creating a natural barrier

I have in my command

a quarter of a million men

And the emperor is by my side

I am not worried about the Manchus

from the north temporarily

what distresses me is

not only Qing Army but also Taiwan

Fujian and Taiwan have always been united

Now Holland has taken possession of Taiwan

for 21 years

I face Qing army's attack from the North

I also fight against the Dutch fleet in sea

The Ming Dynasty would be finished soon

But the Ming Emperor

does not understand the situation

He still issue an edict to ask me to vanguish

the Qing Army directly

I have braved the rough seas for many years

and now Zheng family is well known

The honor to the Zheng family

would be kept by you later

My teach told me that

country is more important than family

My teacher, the great scholar Qianqian Yishi

Instructed me...

That high officials...

Must have loyalty

for the emperor and the country

He said...

Only loyalty to the emperor and country

can guarantee national peace

Therefore, since the emperor has issued

An edict to vanquish the Qing

and reinstate the Ming Dynasty

The situation of Zheng family

should not be consider in first priority

I ask that

you dispatch me to command the front line

I promise to wipe out the enemy

to revenge the Ming

Talk about it later


My son

The emperor often speaks of you

He intends to summon you

The emperor?

He wishes...

To make a conferral upon you

My son

I also want to tell you...

Your mother will come from Japan soon

My mother?

Mistress, someone is drowning

Rescue them quickly


My girl, where are you trying to go?

I want to go home

I want to go home


I finally see my son once again

You must be my daughter-in-law

Mother, her name is Dong Yougu

I'm honored to meet you

My husband

You arrive from Hirado at last

Are your parents well?

They are fine. They miss you

We shall meet the Emperor later

Don't say anything

Let's go

We are forever indebted to you


The Southern Ming Emperor Longwu's Palace

Presenting Fujian Province's

Commanding General

Zheng Zhilong

I, Zheng Zhilong

along with wife and son Zheng Sen

Have come to pay our respects to the Emperor

Please rise

Let me see

So you are Zheng Sen


I heard of you long ago

When you were eleven

You expressed your loyalty to the country...

By expounding upon the virtues...

Of the rulers of former dynasties

It is no wonder that within one year

at the imperial academy

The entire city of Nanjing all knew

The greatness of Zheng Sen

Thank you your majesty

The Ming dynasty Emperor Longwu

confers upon Zheng Sen...

The emperor's surname Zhu

the first name Chenggong...

And the title Earl of Loyalty

Zheng Chenggong, the Imperial Namekeeper!

Your father is already the Commanding General

of Fujian Province

I appoint you in charge of military governors...

Commanding the lmperial Army

We kowtow to our benevolent majesty!

On your feet

Zheng Zhilong...

I have seen today's report from Shaanxi Province

The Qing troops have taken the cities Nanking...

As well as Zhengjiang Shaoxing and Hangzhou


They're encamped at the border

between Zhejiang and Fujian Provinces

War is now at our doorstep

Your majesty

dispatching Li Wai to strengthen the front line

My imperial army is at your command...

Why do you only hold recuse

but not attack Qing Army?

Your majesty

The Qing Army comes from the north

In Fujian, mountains surround us on three sides...

The ocean surrounds the fourth side

Fujian is difficult to attack and easy to defend

Fujian's prosperity depends entirely

on maritime trade with the world

During the reign of Emperor Chongzhen...

According to the imperial ban on maritime trade

Only Fujian was permitted

to continue trading with the world

I believe...

Our most urgent task

is to protect our home province

guarantee the continuation of maritime trade


Zheng Zhilong...

I could not have become emperor

without your support...

Now, most of China is not under my rule

Why should you remain in my service?

I promise to hold secure Fujian Province

Are you only concerned about Fujian?

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Julius J. Epstein

Julius J. Epstein (August 22, 1909 – December 30, 2000) was an American screenwriter, who had a long career, best remembered for his screenplay – written with his twin brother, Philip, and Howard E. Koch – of the film Casablanca (1942), for which the writers won an Academy Award. It was adapted from an unpublished play, Everybody Comes to Rick's, written by Murray Bennett and Joan Alison. more…

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Submitted on August 05, 2018

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