New Earth

Synopsis: The film is a documentary portraying a struggle as man tries to subdue nature. To prevent flooding and for purposes of land reclamation, the people of the Netherlands struggle and succeed in building a breaker, thereby eliminating the wild inland body of water once known as the Zuider Zee (now called Ijsselmeer).
Director(s): Joris Ivens
Actors: Joris Ivens
 
IMDB:
7.2
Year:
1933
36 min
6 Views

1

NEW EARTH:

A film by Joris lvens

Music Hanns Eisler

Singing J. v/d Broek

Sound montage Helene van Dongen

In 1920, according to the plan of engineer Lely...

...a massive assault on the sea began...

...with the objective of reclaiming 224,000 acres of fertile land.

The closing off of the South Sea...

...was the largest undertaking of this kind in the world.

Total cost:
1 billion guilders.

The South Sea is separated from the North Sea...

...by a heavy dike, 35 kilometers long and 96 meters wide.

The large inland lake that is created as a result of this...

...is divided by other dikes into polders and drained.

The dry sea bottom provides new fertile soil.

This submarine dam of boulder clay...

...is then covered in certain places with large pieces of rice wood...

...weighted down with rocks, to protect them from strong sea currents.

Construction of the sinkable objects in Den Oever.

Towing them to sea.

At the place where the object is to be sunk.

Dumping boulder clay

Crane boulder clay

Behind this dike of boulder clay...

...sand press machines press sand...

...through long tubes into a massive body of sand.

The dike is then protected above sea level...

...against the attacking waves by a stone slope.

The building material for the dike is boulder clay...

...which the South Sea itself provides.

Large dredging machines dredge this boulder clay...

...a tough type of soil...

...from the sea.

On the landside of the Afsluitdijk...

...apart from the dry ground...

...the lJssel Lake is also being formed.

The water that gathers there...

...from rivers and polders...

...will have to flow into the North Sea at low tide.

For the dumping of this superfluous water...

...draining locks are being built on either side of the Afsluitdijk.

De dike is being closed.

The sea resists its closure forcefully.

The current, created by the changing tides, grows stronger...

...and sometimes breaches the dike deeply...

...and those holes are then plugged plugged by unloading boats.

Closed.

The first earth, reclaimed from the sea.

The vast undertaking of closing off the South Sea...

...and draining the first polder, has been executed.

Ten thousand workers have been working in 2 shifts, 12 hours a day...

...for 120 months to gain this great wealth through incredible toil.

1932:
3,680 acres have been planted.

10.000 workers...

...working in 2 shifts...

...12 hours a day for 120 months have conquered new ground.

The bottom of the sea yields its riches.

The first wheat.

However, the wheat of the world is not raised for food...

...but for market speculation.

WORLDWIDE GRAIN CRISES

ENORMOUS GRAIN SURPLUSES

GRAIN PRICES AT RECORD LOW

GRAIN MARKET COLLAPSES

MILLIONS OF TONS OF HIDDEN GRAIN LIE ROTTING

HUNGER MARCH IN US

There is too much grain, and not enough work.

In 1932, the year the South Sea was closed off...

...the official number of unemployed in Holland rose by 80,000.

In America, at the beginning of 1933...

...11.400.000 unemployed people are starving!

The American farmers cry out: "We're bursting with grain!"

CHEMICALS USED TO RENDER GRAIN INEDIBLE

DESTRUCTION OF HARVES "We're bursting with grain!"

Hunger march in America.

Hunger march in London.

"We're bursting with grain!"

31 million unemployed are starving worldwide.

"Our grain lies rotting in the fields!"

"We're bursting with grain!"

Starvation in Manchuria.

600,000 people are starving.

What to do?

The President of the American Farmers Board...

Mister Legg, says:

"An active, useful pig eats as much wheat as a family of five.

Give the wheat to the pigs, wheat is too cheap."

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Joris Ivens

Georg Henri Anton "Joris" Ivens (Nijmegen, 18 November 1898 – Paris, 28 June 1989) was a Dutch documentary filmmaker. Among the notable films he directed or co-directed are A Tale of the Wind, The Spanish Earth, Rain, ...A Valparaiso, Misère au Borinage (Borinage), 17th Parallel: Vietnam in War, The Seine Meets Paris, Far from Vietnam, Pour le Mistral and How Yukong Moved the Mountains. more…

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Submitted on August 05, 2018

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"New Earth" Scripts.com. STANDS4 LLC, 2019. Web. 19 Sep. 2019. <https://www.scripts.com/script/new_earth_14710>.

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